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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 50-57

Current concepts in the management of acute st-elevation myocardial infarction with ventricular septal rupture – Early versus late approach: Part 2 – Surgical management of ventricular septal rupture


1 Department of Cardiology, Sunshine Hospital, Secunderabad, Telangana, India
2 Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sunshine Hospital, Secunderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sridhar Kasturi
Department of Cardiology, Sunshine Hospital, Secunderabad - 500 003, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JICC.JICC_49_19

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Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is an uncommon complication of Acute ST-Elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with poor prognosis. Mortality of patients with cardiogenic shock due to VSR is as high as 67% within 48 hrs and 100% within 30 days. Surgical closure of VSR a challenging procedure with mortality between 20% to 87% depending upon operator's experience and surgical facilities with backup system. In view of the poor prognosis of VSR patients and the ben¬efits from VSR closure, transcatheter closure or surgical repair of the VSR in the acute phase is usually the only option in order to stabilise haemodynamics and restore cardiac function for those with unstable hemodynamic status, despite high risk and mortal¬ity in both therapeutic operations.


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